Can Keratoconus Be Cured?

Can Keratoconus Be Cured?

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease that affects the shape and structure of the cornea. While there is no known cure for Keratoconus, several treatment options can alleviate symptoms and improve vision.

Here, we will explore the different treatment methods available and discuss the effectiveness of each. So, Can Keratoconus Be Cured? Let’s look at it!


What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is an advancing eye condition in which the normally round dome-shaped cornea of the eye becomes thin and irregularly shaped, resulting in distorted vision. It is a progressive disorder, meaning the cornea becomes increasingly more cone-shaped. As the condition progresses, the patient often requires a corneal transplant to improve vision.

Keratoconus typically affects both eyes, but usually, one eye(let’s say, the right eye) is more severely affected than the other(the left eye). Symptoms of Keratoconus include blurred vision, light sensitivity, double vision, ghosting images, and frequent changes in eyeglass and contact lens prescriptions. Correcting with glasses or contact lenses becomes increasingly difficult as the cornea becomes increasingly steep.

Keratoconus is a rare disorder, affecting an estimated one in 2,000 people. It is considered to be driven by environmental and genetic variables, although the precise cause is unidentified. It is more common in people with certain conditions, such as atopic dermatitis, allergic eye disease, Down syndrome, and Leber’s congenital amaurosis.


So, Can Keratoconus be cured?

Keratoconus is neither curable nor treatable with prescription drugs. No therapy can bring back the cornea to well-being. Nevertheless, A few therapies can substantially enhance vision, permitting most people to perform in everyday situations.

Keratoconus is a serious eye disorder that can profoundly impact a person’s life. It is important for anyone who is experiencing vision changes to be evaluated by an eye care professional to determine if they may have Keratoconus. With early diagnosis and treatment, the disorder’s progression can be slowed, and vision can be improved.


Treatment Options for Keratoconus

Let’s examine the surgical treatment options available for Keratoconus.


Corrective lenses, either glasses or contact lenses:
These lenses can help to correct vision and reduce the negative effects of Keratoconus. Additionally, rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses are an option for those with more advanced Keratoconus, as they can help improve vision and slow disease progression.


Corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL):
This procedure involves using ultraviolet light and a photosensitizing agent to strengthen the cornea. The treatment is effective in slowing the progression of Keratoconus and preserving vision.


Intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS):
This procedure involves the insertion of small plastic rings into the cornea to reshape it and improve vision. This treatment can effectively improve vision for those with mild to moderate Keratoconus.


The operation and maintenance of an excimer laser

It is a relatively unique method whereby the cornea is cut into an ordinary form. It removes the need for a permanent lens. The technique alters disfigured corneal areas, and a corneal cross-linkage, or CXL treatment, is required before an operation.


A corneal transplant also termed penetrating keratoplasty (PK):
This procedure involves the replacement of the damaged cornea with a donor cornea. While a corneal transplant can effectively improve vision, it is a more invasive procedure and carries a risk of rejection or infection.

In recent years, there has also been development in a new surgical procedure known as lamellar keratoplasty (LK), which involves the replacement of only the damaged layers of the cornea with healthy tissue from a donor. This procedure has shown promising results in preserving vision and reducing the risk of complications associated with PK.

While there is no known cure for Keratoconus, several effective treatment options are available with the advancements in technology and medicine. The effective treatment option will depend on the severity of the Keratoconus and the patient’s needs. Those with Keratoconus must seek medical attention and work closely with their eye care surgeons to determine the best treatment.


Preventions-Can Keratoconus Be Cured?

Keratoconus is an eye disorder that causes the bulging of the cornea, leading to blurred vision, light sensitivity, and difficulty seeing in the dark. It is an advancing disorder that can worsen over time if left untreated. Fortunately, here are a few steps to help prevent or slow the progression of Keratoconus.


1. Put on sunglasses that are completely UV (ultraviolet) blocking:
First and foremost, protecting your eyes from the sun is important. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation can contribute to the thinning of the cornea, so wearing sunglasses that block UV rays is essential. Also, you should avoid rubbing your eyes, which can worsen the condition.


2. Avoid Scrubbing Your Eyes:
It is important to maintain good eye health. Regular eye checkups detect early signs of Keratoconus. It results in proper treatement. Also, you should avoid contact lenses if you have the condition, as they can worsen it.
If you need to wear contact lenses, follow your doctor’s instructions and replace them regularly.


3.Check your Family’s Medical History:
Be aware of your family’s medical history. Keratoconus is inherited in a few cases. So, if anyone in your family has it can help you take steps to prevent it.

Therefore, maintain good hygiene. Regularly washing your hands often and avoiding touching your eyes can help to reduce the risk of infection.


4. Consume plenty of antioxidants.
Keratoconus gets induced or aggravated by a condition called oxidative stress.  It happens when radicals from the environment interfere with vision.

Keratoconus patients typically eat a diet high in antibacterial agents. Antioxidant compounds are abundant in leafy green veggies, fruits, fruit with citrus, celery, fish and seafood, chicken, along with tea. If you consume a balanced meal every day, you ought to be capable of getting adequate amounts of antioxidants to nourish your eyes.

Fatty acids called omega-3 are important for vision health and can help with keratoconus treatment. Keratoconus therapies include B complex vitamins, folic acid, vitamin D2, and dietary zinc supplements. A balanced diet that monitors and limits carbohydrate intake can help.

By following the above steps, you can prevent or slow the progression of Keratoconus. Similarly, seek medical help if you are experiencing any vision problems, as early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent further damage.


Conclusion-Can Keratoconus Be Cured?

In conclusion, the most effective treatment for Keratoconus will depend on the individual circumstance in question.

Non-surgical options like corrective lenses and CXL can reduce the disease’s progression and alleviate symptoms. Intrastromal corneal ring segments and different types of keratoplasties also offer effective surgical treatments, with the newer lamellar keratoplasty offering further improvements concerning treatment frequency and visibility.

While there is no cure for Keratoconus, medical attention and careful consideration of the various treatment options can help individuals maintain their vision and quality of life.


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